:::
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Causes of Delay and their Cures in Major Norwegian Projects

Youcef J-T. Zidane, Bjørn Andersen

Abstract


Several projects encounter delays and unnecessary use of time as a result of to various factors and hence suffer unfavorable consequences. The Norwegian construction industry is no exception. There are factors causing delays in Norwegian construction projects which have many negative effects on all parties, including the projects’ outputs and outcomes. This paper will identify the main time issues (delay factors) in major Norwegian construction projects and the recommended solutions. The methodology on which this paper is based includes an intensive literature review, open questionnaires and unstructured interviews with practitioners. The paper addresses frequency and type of delay factors in major Norwegian construction projects and their solutions. It is based on an open questionnaire, which gave the opportunity to discover new delay factors and possible remedies: thus we encourage similar studies in other countries to uncover other possible delay causes and solutions.



Keywords


time issues; causes of delay; cures for delays; Norwegian construction projects

References


Abbasnejad, B., and Izadi Moud, H. (2013). “Construction delays in Iranian civil engineering projects: An approach to the financial security of construction business.” Life Science Journal. 10(2), 2632–2637.

Abd El-Razek, M. E., Bassioni, H. A., and Mobarak, A. M. (2008). “Causes of delay in building construction projects in Egypt.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 134(11), 831–841.

Abdul-Rahman, H., Berawi, M., Berawi, A., Mohamed, O., Othman, M., and Yahya, I. (2006). “Delay mitigation in the Malaysian construction industry.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 132(2), 125–133.

Acharya, N. K., Im, H. M., and Lee, Y. D. (2006). “Investigating delay factors in construction industry: A Korean perspective.” Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 7(5), 177–190.

Adeyemi, A. Y., and Masalila, K. (2016). “Delay factors and time-cost performance of construction projects in Gaborone City Council, Botswana.” Journal for the Advancement of Performance Information & Value. 8(1), 88–105.

Ahmed, S. M., Azhar, S., Castillo, M., and Kappagantula, P. (2003). “Construction delays in Florida: An empirical study.” Planning Consultant State of Florida Department of Community Affairs.

Ahmed, S. M., Azhar, S., Kappagntula, P. and Gollapudil, D. (2003). “Delays in construction: A brief study of the Florida construction industry.” Proceedings of the 39th Annual ASC Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, 257–266.

Ahmed, S., Dlask, P., and Hasan, B. (2014). “Deviation in the cost of projects.” Construction Maeconomics Conference.

Aibinu, A. A., and Jagboro, G. O. (2002). “The effects of construction delays on project delivery in Nigerian construction industry.” International Journal of Project Management. 20(8), 593–599.

Aibinu, A. A., and Odeyinka, H. A. (2006). “Construction delays and their causative factors in Nigeria.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 132(7), 667–677.

Aiyetan, O., Smallwood, J., and Shakantu, W. (2011). “A systems thinking approach to eliminate delays on building construction projects in South Africa.” Acta Structilia: Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences. 18(2), 19–39.

Akinsiku, O. E., and Akinsulire, A. (2012). “Stakeholders' perception of the causes and effects of construction delays on project delivery.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management. 2(4), 25–31.

Akogbe, R. K. T., Feng, X., and Zhou, J. (2013). “Importance and ranking evaluation of delay factors for development construction projects in Benin.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. 17(6), 1213–1222.

Alaghbari, W., Kadir, M. R. A., Salim, A., and Ernawati. (2007). “The significant factors causing delay of building construction projects in Malaysia.” Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 14(2), 192–206.

Alinaitwe, H., Apolot, R., and Tindiwensi, D. (2013). “Investigation into the causes of delays and cost overruns in Uganda's public sector construction projects.” Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. 18(2), 33–47.

Al-Khalil, M. I., and Al-Ghafly, M. A. (1999). “Important causes of delay in public utility projects in Saudi Arabia.” Construction Management and Economics. 17(5), 647–655.

Al-Kharashi, A., and Skitmore, M. (2009). “Causes of delays in Saudi Arabian public sector construction projects.” Construction Management and Economics. 27(1), 3–23.

Al-Momani, A. H. (2000). “Construction delay: A quantitative analysis.” International Journal of Project Management. 18(1), 51–59.

Alwi, S., and Hampson, K. (2003). “Identifying the important causes of delays in building construction projects.” Proc. 9th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction. 16–18 December 2003. Bali, Indonesia, 1–6. (Mar. 26, 2017).

Amandin, M. M., and Kule, J. W. (2016). “Project delays on cost overrun risks: A study of Gasabo District construction projects, Kigali, Rwanda.” ABC Journal of Advanced Research. 5(1), 21–34.

Amoatey, C. T., Ameyaw, Y. A., Adaku, E., and Famiyeh, S. (2015). “Analysing delay causes and effects in Ghanaian state housing construction projects.” International Journal of Managing Projects in Business. 8(1), 198–214.

Arantes, A., da Silva, P. F., and Ferreira, L. M. D. (2015). “Delays in construction projects: Causes and impacts.” Industrial Engineering and Systems Management (IESM), 2015 International Conference, 1105–1110.

Arditi, D., Akan, G. T., and Gurdamar, S. (1985). “Reasons for delays in public projects in Turkey.” Construction Management and Economics. 3(2), 171–181.

Arditi, D., Nayak, S., and Damci, A. (2017). “Effect of organizational culture on delay in construction.” International Journal of Project Management. 35(2), 136–147.

Arditi, D., and Pattanakitchamroon, T. (2006). “Selecting a delay analysis method in resolving construction claims.” International Journal of Project Management. 24(2), 145–155.

Arditi, D., and Pattanakitchamroon, T. (2008). “Analysis methods in time-based claims.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 134(4), 242–252.

Asnaashari, E., Knight, A., Hurst, A., and Farahani, S. S. (2009). “Causes of construction delays in Iran: Project management, logistics, technology and environment.” In Dainty, A. (ed.), Procs 25th Annual ARCOM Conference, 7–9 September 2009, Nottingham, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Nottingham, UK, 897–906.

Assaf, S. A., and Al-Hejji, S. (2006). “Causes of delay in large construction projects.” International Journal of Project Management. 24(4), 349–357.

Assaf, S. A., Al-Khalil, M., and Al-Hazmi, M. (1995). “Causes of delay in large building construction projects.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 11(2), 45–50.

Ayudhya, B. I. N. (2011). “Evaluation of common delay causes of construction projects in Singapore.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 5(11), 1027–1034.

Aziz, R. F. (2013). “Ranking of delay factors in construction projects after

Egyptian revolution.” Alexandria Engineering Journal. 52(3), 387–406.

Aziz, R. F., and Abdel-Hakam, A. A. (2016). “Exploring delay causes of road construction projects in Egypt.” Alexandria Engineering Journal. 55(2), 1515–1539.

Bagaya, O., and Song, J. (2016). “Empirical study of factors influencing schedule delays of public construction projects in Burkina Faso.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 32(5), 05016014.

Baloyi, L., and Bekker, M. (2011). “Causes of construction cost and time overruns: The 2010 FIFA World Cup stadia in South Africa.” Acta Structilia. 18(1), 51–67.

Bekr, G. A. (2015). “Causes of delay in public construction projects in Iraq.” Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering. 9(2), 149–162.

Chan, D. W. M., and Kumaraswamy, M. M. (1995). “A study of the factors affecting construction durations in Hong Kong.” Construction Management and Economics. 13(4), 319–333.

Chan, D. W. M., and Kumaraswamy, M. M. (1997). “A comparative study of causes of time overruns in Hong Kong construction projects.” International Journal of Project Management. 15(1), 55–63.

Chan, D. W. M., and Kumaraswamy, M. M. (2002). “Compressing construction durations: Lessons learned from Hong Kong building projects.” International Journal of Project Management. 20(1), 23–35.

Cook, D. J., Mulrow, C. D., and Haynes, R. B. (1997). “Systematic reviews: Synthesis of best evidence for clinical decisions.” Annals of Internal Medicine. 126(5), 376–380.

Couto, J. P., and Teixeria, J. C. (2007). “The evaluation of the delays in the Portuguese construction.” CIB World Building Congress, 292–301.

Dlakwa, M. M., and Culpin, M. F. (1990). “Reasons for overrun in public sector construction projects in Nigeria.” International Journal of Project Management. 8(4), 237–241.

Doloi, H., Sawhney, A., and Iyer, K. C. (2012). “Structural equation model for investigating factors affecting delay in Indian construction projects.” Construction Management and Economics. 30(10), 869–884.

Doloi, H., Sawhney, A., and Rentala, S. (2012). “Analysing factors affecting delays in Indian construction projects.” International Journal of Project Management. 30(4), 479–489.

Durdyev, S., Omarov, M., and Ismail, S. (2017). “Causes of delay in residential construction projects in Cambodia.” Cogent Engineering. 4(1), 1291117.

Elawi, G. S. A., Algahtany, M., Kashiwagi, D., and Sullivan, K. (2015). “Major factors causing construction delays in Mecca.” Journal for the Advancement of Performance Information & Value. 7(1).

Elhag, T. M. S., and Boussabaine, A. H. (1999). “Evaluation of construction costs and time attributes.” Proceedings of the 15th ARCOM Conference. 2(15–17 September), 473–80.

Emam, H., Farrell, P., and Abdelaal, M. (2015). “Causes of delay on infrastructure projects in Qatar.” Proceedings of the 31st Annual ARCOM Conference, Lincoln, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Nottingham, UK, pp. 773–782.

Enshassi, A., Al-Najjar, J., and Kumaraswamy, M. (2009). “Delays and cost overruns in the construction projects in the Gaza Strip.” Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction. 14(2), 126–151.

Enshassi, A., Arain, F., and Al-Raee, S. (2010). “Causes of variation orders

in construction projects in the Gaza Strip.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management. 16(4), 540–551.

Ezeldin, A. S., and Abdel-Ghany, M. (2013). “Causes of construction delays for engineering projects: An Egyptian perspective.” In AEI 2013: Building solutions for architectural engineering, 54–63.

Fallahnejad, M. H. (2013). “Delay causes in Iran gas pipeline projects.” International Journal of Project Management. 31(1), 136–146.

Faridi, A. S., and El-Sayegh, S. M. (2006). “Significant factors causing delay in the UAE construction industry.” Construction Management and Economics. 24(11), 1167–1176.

Frimpong, Y., and Oluyowe, J. (2003). “Significant factors causing delay and cost overruns in construction of groundwater projects in Ghana.” Journal of Construction Research. 4(2), 175–187.

Frimpong, Y., Oluwoye, J., and Crawford, L. (2003). “Causes of delay and cost overruns in construction of groundwater projects in a developing countries: Ghana as a case study.” International Journal of Project Management. 21 (5), 321–326.

Fugar, F. D., and Agyakwah-Baah, A. B. (2010). “Delays in building construction projects in Ghana.” Construction Economics and Building. 10(1–2), 103–116.

Gardezi, S. S. S., Manarvi, I. A., and Gardezi, S. J. S. (2014). “Time extension factors in construction industry of Pakistan.” Procedia Engineering. 77, 196–204.

Gidado, K., and Niazai, G. A. (2012). “Causes of project delay in the construction industry in Afghanistan.” Engineering, Project and Production Management (EPPM) Conference EPPM2012, University of Brighton, UK, 10–11th September, 2012.

González, P., González, V., Molenaar, K., and Orozco, F. (2014). “Analysis of causes of delay and time performance in construction projects.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 140(1), 04013027.

Gould, F. (2012). Managing the construction process: Estimating, scheduling, and project control, Pearson Education Inc., USA.

Gündüz, M., and AbuHassan, M. H. (2016). “Causes of construction delays in Qatar construction projects.” International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering. 10(4), 516–521.

Gündüz, M., Nielsen, Y., and Özdemir, M. (2013a). “Fuzzy assessment model to estimate the probability of delay in Turkish construction projects.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 31(4), 04014055.

Gündüz, M., Nielsen, Y., Özdemir, M. (2013b). “Quantification of delay factors using the relative importance index method for construction projects in Turkey.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 29(2), 133–139.

Haseeb, M., Lu, X., Bibi, A., Dyian, M., and Rabbani, W. (2011). “Problems of projects and effects of delays in the construction industry of Pakistan.” Australian Journal of Business and Management Research. 1(5), 41–50.

Haseeb, M., Lu, X., Hoosen, A. B., and Rabbani, W. (2011). “Causes and effects of delays in large construction projects of Pakistan.” Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review. 1(4), 18–42.

Hastak, M., Gokhale, S., Goyani, K., Hong, and T., Safi, B. (2008). “Analysis of techniques leading to radical reduction in project cycle time.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 134(12), 915–927.

Hegazy, T., and Menesi, W. (2008). “Delay analysis under multiple baseline updates.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 134(8), 575–582.

Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., and Ng, S. Y. (2013). “Identifying the critical factors affecting schedule performance of public housing projects.” Habitat International. 38, 214–221.

Kaliba, C., Muya, M., and Mumba, K. (2009). “Cost escalation and schedule delays in road construction projects in Zambia.” International Journal of Project Management. 27(5), 522–531.

Kamanga, M. J., and Steyn, W. V. (2013). “Causes of delay in road construction projects in Malawi: Technical paper.” Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering. 55(3), 79–85.

Kaming, P. F., Olomolaiye, P. O., Holt, G. D., and Harris, F. C. (1997). “Factors

influencing construction time and cost overruns on high-rise projects in Indonesia.” Construction Management and Economics. 15(1), 83–94.

Kazaz, A., Ulubeyli, S., and Tuncbilekli, N. A. (2012). “Causes of delays in construction projects in Turkey.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management. 18(3), 426–435.

Keane, P. J., and Caletka, A. F. (2015). Delay analysis in construction contracts, John Wiley & Sons, UK.

Khoshgoftar, M., Bakar, A. H. A., and Osman, O. (2010). “Causes of delays in Iranian construction projects.” International Journal of Construction Management. 10(2), 53–69.

Kikwasi, G. (2012). “Causes and effects of delays and disruptions in construction projects in Tanzania.” Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building—Conference Series. 1(2), 52–59.

Kim, S., Tuan, K. N., and Luu, V. T. (2016). “Delay factor analysis for hospital projects in Vietnam.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. 20(2), 519–529.

Kim, Y., Kim, K., and Shin, D. (2005). “Delay analysis method using delay section.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 131(11), 1155–1164.

Koushki, P. A., Al-Rashid, K., and Kartam, N. (2005). “Delays and cost increases in the construction of private residential projects in Kuwait.” Construction Management and Economics. 23(3), 285–294.

Kvale, S., Brinkmann, S., Anderssen, T. M., and Rygge, J. F. (2009). Det kvalitative forskningsintervju, Gyldendal Akademisk, Oslo.

Le-Hoai, L., Dai Lee, Y., and Lee, J. Y. (2008). “Delay and cost overruns in Vietnam large construction projects: A comparison with other selected countries.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. 12(6), 367–377.

Lim, C. S., and Mohamed, M. Z. (1999), “Criteria of project success: an exploratory re-examination”, International Journal of Project Management, 17(4), 243-248.

Lo, T. Y., Fung, I. W., and Tung, K. C. (2006). “Construction delays in Hong Kong civil engineering projects.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 13 (6), 636–649.

Luu, T. V., Kim, S., Tuan, N. V., and Ogunlana, S. O. (2009). “Quantify schedule risk in construction projects using Bayesian belief networks.” International Journal of Project Management. 27(1), 39–50.

Luu, V. T., Sang, N. M., and Viet, N. T. (2015). “A conceptual model of delay factors affecting government construction projects.” ARPN Journal of Science and Technology. 5(2), 92–100.

Mahamid, I. (2011), “Risk matrix for factors affecting time delay in road construction projects: owners’ perspective”, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 18 (6), 609-617.

Mahamid, I. (2013). “Frequency of time overrun causes in road construction in Palestine: Contractors’ view.” Organization, Technology & Management in Construction: An International Journal. 5(1), 720–729.

Mahamid, I., Bruland, A., and Dmaidi, N. (2012). “Causes of delay in road construction projects.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 28(3), 300–310.

Manavazhi, M. R., and Adhikari, D. K. (2002), “Material and equipment procurement delays in highway projects in Nepal”, International Journal of Project Management, 20(8), 627-632.

Mansfield, N. R., Ugwu, O. O., and Doran, T. (1994). “Causes of delay and cost overruns in Nigerian construction projects.” International Journal of Project Management. 12(4), 254–260.

Marshall, C., and Rossman, G. B. (1995). Designing qualitative research, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Marzouk, M. M., and El-Rasas, T. I. (2014). “Analyzing delay causes in Egyptian construction projects.” Journal of Advanced Research. 5(1), 49–55.

Mezher, M. M., and Tawil, W. (1998). “Causes of delays in the construction industry in Lebanon.” Engineering Construction and Architectural Management. 5(3), 252–260.

Mobbs, G. N. (1982), “Speeding up construction”, The Quantity Surveyor, 38(1), 2–3.

Motaleb, O., and Kishk, M. (2013). “An investigation into the risk of construction project delays in the UAE.” International Journal of Information Technology Project Management. 4(3), 1149–1157.

Muhwezi, L., Acai, J., and Otim, G. (2014). “An assessment of the factors causing delays on building construction projects in Uganda.” International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 3(1), 13–23.

Muya, M., Kaliba, C., Sichombo, B., and Shakantu, W. (2013). “Cost escalation, schedule overruns and quality shortfalls on construction projects: The case of Zambia.” International Journal of Construction Management. 13(1), 53–68.

Mydin, M. O., Sani, N. M., Taib, M., and Alias, N. M. (2014). “Imperative causes of delays in construction projects from developers’ outlook.” MATEC Web of Conferences, Vol. 10, 06005.

Nkado, R. (1995). “Construction time-influencing factors: The contractor’s perspective.” Construction Management and Economics. 13(1), 81–89.

Nyoni, T., and Bonga, W. G. (2017). “Towards factors affecting delays in construction projects: A case of Zimbabwe.” Dynamic Research Journals: Journal of Economics and Finance. 2(1), 12–28.

Odeh, A. M., and Battaineh, H. T. (2002). “Causes of construction delay: Traditional contracts.” International Journal of Project Management. 20(1), 67–73.

Odeyinka, H. A., and Yusif, A. (1997). “The causes and effects of construction delays on completion cost of housing project in Nigeria.” Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction. 2(3), 31–44.

Ogunlana, S. O., Promkuntong, K., and Jearkjirm, V. (1996). “Construction delays in a fast-growing economy: Comparing Thailand with other economies.” International Journal of Project Management. 14(1), 37–45.

Okpala, D., and Aniekwu, A. (1988). “Causes of high costs of construction in Nigeria.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 114(2), 233–244.

Omoregie, A., and Radford, D. (2006). “Infrastructure delays and cost escalation: Causes and effects in Nigeria.” Proceedings of the 6th International Postgraduate Research Conference in the Built and Human Environment, International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction.

Oshungade, O. O., and Kruger, D. (2017). “A comparative study of causes and effects of project delays and disruptions in construction projects in the South African construction industry.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management. 7(1), 13–25.

Petticrew, M. (2001). “Systematic reviews from astronomy to zoology: Myths and misconceptions.” British Medical Journal. 322(7278), 98–101.

Pourrostam, T., and Ismail, A. (2011). “Significant factors causing and effects of delay in Iranian construction projects.” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 5(7), 450–456.

Pourrostam, T., and Ismail, A. (2012). “Causes and effects of delay in Iranian construction projects.” International Journal of Engineering and Technology. 4(5), 598–601.

Rahman, M. D., Lee, Y. D., and Ha, D. K. (2014). “Investigating main causes for schedule delay in construction projects in Bangladesh.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management. 4(3), 33–46.

Rahsid, Y., Haq, S., and Aslam, M. (2013). “Causes of delay in construction projects of Punjab–Pakistan: An empirical study.” Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research. 3(10), 87–96.

Ramanathan, C., Narayanan, S. P., and Idrus, A. B. (2012). “Construction delays causing risks on time and cost: A critical review.” Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building. 12(1), 37–57.

Ren, Z., Atout, M., and Jones, J. (2008). “Root causes of construction project delays in Dubai.” In: Dainty, A. (ed.), 24th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1–3 September 2008, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Cardiff, UK, 749–757.

Ruqaishi, M., and Bashir, H. A. (2013). “Causes of delay in construction projects in the oil and gas industry in the gulf cooperation council countries: A case study.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 31(3), 05014017.

Saeb, S., Khayat, N., and Telvari, A. (2016). “Causes of delay in Khuzestan Steel Company construction projects.” Industrial Engineering & Management Systems. 15(4), 335–344.

Sambasivan, M., and Soon, Y. W. (2007). “Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry.” International Journal of Project Management. 25(5), 517–526.

Santoso, D. S., and Soeng, S. (2016). “Analyzing delays of road construction projects in Cambodia: Causes and effects.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 32(6), 05016020.

Saunders, M. N. K., Lewis, P., and Thornhill, A. (2012). Research methods for business students, Pearson, Harlow.

Seboru, M. A. (2015). “An investigation into factors causing delays in road construction projects in Kenya.” American Journal of Civil Engineering. 3(3), 51–63.

Sepasgozar, S. M., Razkenari, M. A., and Barati, K. (2015). “The importance of new technology for delay mitigation in construction projects.” American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 3(1), 15–20.

Shebob, A., Dawood, N., and Xu, Q. (2011). “Analysing construction delay factors: A case study of building construction project in Libya.” In Egbu, C., and Lou, E. C. W. (eds.), Procs. 27th Annual ARCOM Conference, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Bristol, 5–7 September 2011, 1005–1012.

Shi, J., Cheung, S., and Arditi, D. (2001). “Construction delay computation method.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 127(1), 60–65.

Sun, M., and Meng, X. (2009). “Taxonomy for change causes and effects in construction projects.” International Journal of Project Management. 27(6), 560–572.

Sweis, G., Sweis, R., Abu Hammad, A., and Shboul, A. (2008). “Delays in construction projects: The case of Jordan.” International Journal of Project Management. 26(6), 665–674.

Sweis, G. J. (2013). “Factors affecting time overruns in public construction projects: The case of Jordan.” International Journal of Business and Management. 8(23), 120–129.

Syed, M. A., Salman, A., Pragnya, K., and Dharam, G. (2003). “Delays in construction: A brief study of the Florida construction industry.” ASC Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.

Tafazzoli, M. (2017). “Investigating causes of delay in U.S. construction projects.” 53rd ASC Annual International Conference Proceedings, Associated Schools of Construction.

Tawil, N. M., Khoiry, M. A., Arshad, I., Hamzah, N., Jasri, M. F., and

Badaruzzaman, W. H. (2013). “Factors contribute to delay project construction in higher learning education case study UKM.” Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology. 5(11), 3112–3116.

Tong, M., and Thomson, C. (2015). “Developing a critical literature review for project management research.” In Pasian, B. (ed.), Designs, methods and practices for research of project management, Gower Publishing.

Toor, S., and Ogunlana, S. O. (2008). “Problems causing delays in major construction projects in Thailand.” Construction Management and Economics. 26(4), 395–408.

Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., and Smart, P. (2003). “Towards a methodology for developing evidence‐informed management knowledge by means of systematic review.” British Journal of Management. 14(3), 207–222.

Trauner Jr, T. J., Manginelli, W. A., Lowe, J. S., Nagata, M. F., and Furniss, B. J. (2009). Construction delays: Understanding them clearly, analyzing them correctly, Elsevier Inc., London.

Tumi, S. A., Omran, A., and Pakir, A. H. (2009). “Causes of delay in construction industry in Libya.” The International Conference on Economics and Administration, Faculty of Administration and Business, University of Bucharest, Romania.

Wong, K., and Vimonsatit, V. (2012). “A study of the factors affecting construction time in Western Australia.” Scientific Research and Essays. 7(40), 3390–3398.

Wu, C. H., Hsieh, T. Y., and Cheng, W. L. (2005). “Statistical analysis of causes for design change in highway construction in Taiwan.” International Journal of Project Management. 23(7), 554–563.

Yang, J. B., Chu, M. Y., and Huang, K. M. (2013). “An empirical study of schedule delay causes based on Taiwan's litigation cases.” Project Management Journal. 44(3), 21–31.

Yang, J. B., and Wei, P. (2010). “Causes of delay in the planning and design phases for construction projects.” Journal of Architectural Engineering. 16(2), 80–83.

Yang, J. B., Yang, C. C., and Kao, C. K. (2010). “Evaluating schedule delay causes for private participating public construction works under the build-operate-transfer model.” International Journal of Project Management. 28(6), 569–579.

Zaneldin, E. K. (2006). “Construction claims in United Arab Emirates: Types, causes, and frequency.” International Journal of Project Management. 24(5), 453–459.

Zewdu, Z. T. (2016). “Construction projects delay and their antidotes: The case of the Ethiopian construction sector.” International Journal of Business and Economics Research. 5(4), 113–122.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




______________________________________________________________________________

The Journal of Modern PM (ISSN: 2317-3963) | info@journalmodernpm.com