:::
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Project execution: A research agenda to explore the phenomenon

James Walter Marion, Tracey Richardson, Matthew Earnhardt

Abstract


It is observed in the literature that although project management is considered to be an execution-oriented discipline, the Project Management Body of Knowledge developed by the Project Management Institute provides relatively little detail in the Executing process group compared with other process groups such as the Planning and Monitoring and Controlling process groups. It is further observed that project elements considered essential to the success of the project including project Scope, Cost, Schedule, and Risk are not included within the Executing process group. Likewise, the coverage of project execution in the Project Manager Competency Development Framework authored by the Project Management Institute appears to provide limited insight regarding what actually takes place during project execution. This paper outlines a research agenda to better understand what actually occurs in projects when experienced project managers are carrying out activities within the Executing process group. It proposes a study consisting of a pilot study, project manager interviews, a focus group validation session, and data collected by a survey instrument in order to develop a more complete understanding of the phenomenon of project execution.


Keywords


Project Execution

References


Alreck, P. L., & Settle, R. B. (2004). The survey research handbook (Third ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill/Irwin.

Andersen, E. S. (2006). Toward a project management theory for renewal projects. Project Management Journal, 37(4), 15-30. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=22287061&site=ehost-live

Andia, D. (1999). Prevent pitfalls through effective project execution. Chemical Engineering Progress, 95(3), 100. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/221556340?accountid=27203

Artto, K. (2013). A chunk view of research into temporary organizations. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 6(3), 595-603. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/1417095541?accountid=27203

Ashok, M., Biswajit, S., & Jibitesh, M. (2011). Structured approach to project execution, monitoring and control at operational level. Management Science and Engineering, 5(1), 10-18. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/864755642?accountid=27203

Bergman, M. M. (2008). In Manfred Max Bergman (Ed.), Advances in mixed methods research. London: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.4135/9780857024329

Besner, C., & Hobbs, B. (2006). The perceived value and potential contribution of project management practices to project success. Project Management Journal, 37(3), 37-48. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=22149374&site=ehost-live

Besner, C., & Hobbs, B. (2012). An empirical identification of project management toolsets and a comparison among project types. Project Management Journal, 43(5), 24-46. doi:10.1002/pmj.21292

Carrier, A. (1987). Sequential steps in project execution. International Journal of Project Management, 5(1), 25-28. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/0263-7863(87)90006-8

Checkmarket. (2014). Calculate a survey sample size (number of respondents needed). Retrieved from https://www.checkmarket.com/market-research-resources/sample-size-calculator/

Cooke-Davies, T. J., Crawford, L. H., & Lechler, T. G. (2009). Project management systems: Moving project management from an operational to a strategic discipline. Project Management Journal, 40(1), 110-123. doi:DOI: 10.1002/pmj.20106

Crawford, L. (2006). Developing organizational project management capability: Theory and practice. Project Management Journal, 37(3), 74-86. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=22149377&site=ehost-live

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Gillard, S., & Price, J. (2005). The competencies of effective project managers: A conceptual analysis. International Journal of Management, 22(1), 48-53. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/233230834?accountid=27203

Hällgren, M., Nilsson, A., Blomquist, T., & Söderholm, A. (2012). Relevance lost! A critical review of project management standardisation. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 5(3), 457-485. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1108/17538371211235326

Higgins, J. M. (2005). The eight ‘S’s of successful strategy execution. Journal of Change Management, 5(1), 3-13. doi:10.1080/14697010500036064

Ika, L. A. (2009). Project success as a topic in project management journals. Project Management Journal, 40(4), 6-19. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=45361822&site=ehost-live

Jugdev, K. (2004). Through the looking glass: Examining theory development in project management with the resource based view lens. Project Management Journal, 35(3), 15-26.

Jugdev, K., & Müller, R. (2005). A retrospective look at our evolving understanding of project success. Project Management Journal, 36(4), 19-31. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=19561979&site=ehost-live

Killen, C. P., Jugdev, K., Drouin, N., & Petit, Y. (2012). Advancing project and portfolio management research: Applying strategic management theories. International Journal of Project Management, 30(5), 525-538. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.12.004

Kosaroglu, M., & Hunt, R. A. (2009). New product development projects and project manager skill sets in the telecommunications industry. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 2(2), 308-317. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1108/17538370910949329

Koskela, L., & Ballard, G. (2006). Should project management be based on theories of economics or production? Building Research & Information, 34(2), 154-163. doi:10.1080/09613210500491480

Koskela, L., & Howell, G. (2002). The theory of project management: Explanation to novel methods. Proceedings IGLC-10, Gramado, Brazil.

Koskela, L., & Howell, G. (2008). The underlying theory of project management is obsolete. Engineering Management Review, IEEE, 36(2), 22-34. doi:10.1109/EMR.2008.4534317

Lampel, J. (2001). The core competencies of effective project execution: The challenge of diversity. International Journal of Project Management, 19(8), 471-483. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/S0263-7863(01)00042-4

Leybourne, S. A. (2007). The changing bias of project management research: A consideration of the literatures and an application of extant theory. Project Management Journal, 38(1), 61-73. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=24844787&site=ehost-live

LinkedIn. (2014). Linkedin. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/nhome/

Liu, J. Y., Chen, H. H., Jiang, J. J., & Klein, G. (2010). Task completion competency and project management performance: The influence of control and user contribution. International Journal of Project Management, 28(3), 220-227. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.ijproman.2009.05.006

Llott, I., Gerrish, K., Laker, S., & Bray, K. (2013). Naming and framing the problem: Using theories, models and conceptual frameworks. (No. 10:2). Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust 2013, a member of NIHR CLAHRC for South Yorkshire. (Bridging the gap between knowledge and practice your starter for 10: No.2)

Lundin, R. A., & Söderholm, A. (1995). A theory of the temporary organization. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 11(4), 437-455. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/0956-5221(95)00036-U

Marshall, B., Cardon, P., Poddar, A., & Fontenot, R. (2013). Does sample size matter in qualitative research?: A review of qualitative interviews in is research. The Journal of Computer Information Systems, 54(1), 11-22. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/1471047612?accountid=27203

McLeod, L., Doolin, B., & MacDonell, S. G. (2012). A perspective-based understanding of project success. Project Management Journal, 43(5), 68-86. doi:10.1002/pmj.21290

Menke, M. M. (1994). Improving R&D decisions and execution. Research Technology Management, 37(5), 25. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/213809285?accountid=27203

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Mir, F. A., & Pinnington, A. H. (2014). Exploring the value of project management: Linking project management performance and project success. International Journal of Project Management, 32(2), 202-217. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.05.012

Müller, R., & Jugdev, K. (2012). Critical success factors in projects. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 5(4), 757-775. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1108/17538371211269040

Müller, R., & Turner, R. (2007). The influence of project managers on project success criteria and project success by type of project. European Management Journal, 25(4), 298-309. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.emj.2007.06.003

Müller, R., & Turner, R. (2010). Leadership competency profiles of successful project managers. International Journal of Project Management, 28(5), 437-448. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.ijproman.2009.09.003

Napier, N. P., Keil, M., & Tan, F. B. (2009). IT project managers' construction of successful project management practice: A repertory grid investigation. Information Systems Journal, 19(3), 255-282. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2575.2007.00264.x

Patanakul, P., & Milosevic, D. (2008). A competency model for effectiveness in managing multiple projects. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 18(2), 118-131. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.hitech.2007.12.006

Patanakul, P., & Shenhar, A. J. (2012). What project strategy really is: The fundamental building block in strategic project management. Project Management Journal, 43(1), 4-20. doi:10.1002/pmj.20282

Project Management Institute (Ed.). (2007). Project manager competency development (PMCD) framework (2nd ed.). Newton Square, PA: Project Management Institute.

Project Management Institute. (2013, August 2013). From the board. PMI Today, 1-5.

Project Management Institute. (2014). Project management institute. Retrieved from http://www.pmi.org/

Rozenes, S., Vitner, G., & Spraggett, S. (2006). Project control: Literature review. Project Management Journal, 37(4), 5-14. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=22287060&site=ehost-live

Singh, H., & Singh, A. (2002). Principles of complexity and chaos theory in project execution: A new approach to management. Cost Engineering, 44(12), 23-32. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/220447111?accountid=27203

Snider, K. F., & Nissen, M. E. (2003). Beyond the body of knowledge: A knowledge-flow approach to project management theory and practice. Project Management Journal, 34(2), 4. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=9972096&site=ehost-live

Söderlund, J. (2004). Building theories of project management: Past research, questions for the future. International Journal of Project Management, 22(3), 183-191. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/S0263-7863(03)00070-X

Stake, R. (2010). Qualitative research : Studying how things work. New York, NY, USA: Guilford Press.

Stevenson, D. H., & Starkweather, J. A. (2010). PM critical competency index: IT execs prefer soft skills. International Journal of Project Management, 28(7), 663-671. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.ijproman.2009.11.008

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research. Grounded theory procedures and techniques.

(2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Sull, D. N. (2007). Closing the gap between strategy and execution. MIT Sloan Management Review, 48(4), 30-38. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/224968563?accountid=27203

SurveyMonkey. (2014). Surveymonkey. Retrieved from https://www.surveymonkey.com/mp/audience/?ut_source=header

Tatikonda, M. V., & Rosenthal, S. R. (2000). Technology novelty, project complexity, and product development project execution success: A deeper look at task uncertainty in product innovation. Engineering Management, IEEE Transactions on, 47(1), 74-87. doi:10.1109/17.820727

Turner, J. R. (2006). Towards a theory of project management: The nature of the project governance and project management. International Journal of Project Management, 24(2), 93-95. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/j.ijproman.2005.11.008

Wideman, R. M. (1989). Successful project control and execution. International Journal of Project Management, 7(2), 109-113. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/10.1016/0263-7863(89)90024-0

Winch, G. M. (2003) Models of manufacturing and the construction process: The genesis of re-engineering construction. Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218 print ⁄ISSN 1466-4321 online. DOI: 10.1080/09613210301995

Zagotta, R., & Robinson, D. (2002). Keys to successful strategy execution. The Journal of Business Strategy, 23(1), 30-34. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/202724421?accountid=27203

Zwikael, O. (2009). The relative importance of the PMBOK® guide's nine knowledge areas during project planning. Project Management Journal, 40(4), 94-103. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=45361826&site=ehost-live


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




______________________________________________________________________________

The Journal of Modern PM (ISSN: 2317-3963) | info@journalmodernpm.com